Primary School Subjects in Nigeria (Full Details)

first oldest primary school in nigeria

The most important part of any building is the foundation and this explains why education which is the foundation of any nation is very important.

The primary school in Nigeria is the basic form of education and it has been structured in such a way by the Ministry of Education as to provide every young child with the necessary knowledge for future education.

The core subjects taught in the primary school include: English Studies, Mathematics, Nigerian Languages, Basic Science and Technology (BST), Religion and National Values (RNV), Cultural & Creative Arts (CCA), Arabic Language, Pre-Vocational Studies.

The primary education was initially called the universal primary education (UPE). But, it was changed to the universal basic education (UBE) in 1999 to include the first 3 years of junior secondary education.

Generally, primary education under the UBE is divided into two levels.

The first level which comprises primary 1-3 teaches all the subjects listed above with the exception of pre-vocational studies.

On the other hand, the second level comprises primary 4-6 and includes pre-vocational studies as a taught subject.

primary school subjects in nigeria


The official language in Nigeria is English and it is also the medium of instruction in schools, hence the reason why English is a core subject of the primary education system.


The giant strides made by any nation in technological and scientific advancement is directly related to the level of seriousness it attaches to teaching mathematics. Also, mathematics is a very important part of everyday life; therefore a full grasp of this subject by the average Nigerian child is important.

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Nigerian Languages

The National Policy of Education allows schools to instruct pupils in the language of their immediate environment. This enables the preservation of one of our cultural heritage which is language.

However, schools have the freedom on what type of language, they should instruct their pupils.

Basic Science and Technology

Some of the components of this subject include climate change, disaster risk reduction and consumer education. In this way, the pupils are equipped with the basic knowledge of science and technology which they can apply to their immediate environment.

Also, the school ought to provide computers in other to provide an enabling environment for learning.

Religion and National Values

These subjects are grouped under civic education, social studies and security education. For the religion classes, separate classes can be run for Christian religious studies and Islamic studies.

Some components taught in basic science and technology can also be infused into this subject. These include consumer education and disaster risk reduction. Peace and conflict resolution can also be taught under civic education, social studies and security education.

Cultural and Creative Arts

The cultural arts being taught as a subject helps to impart knowledge that preserves cultural heritage among the pupils.

On the other hand, creative arts help to harness the creative capacity within the child and it’s a very important subject in any primary educational system.

Prevocational studies

This is a subject that is organised around specific themes particularly consumer education and entrepreneurship.

Generally, these subjects provide the right foundation for any child prior to secondary school education and how they are taught is extremely important.

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