Every Nigerian knows the three major ethnic groups in the country but there are actuallly over 250 ethnic groups in the country.
The Hausas are the biggest ethnic group in Nigeria with approximately 25% of the Nigerian population. The Yoruba group follows closely with approximately 21%.
Additionally, the Ijaws are another major group with a reported 10% of the Nigerian population belonging to this group. Other popular groups include the Tivs, Kanuris and the Ibibios.
As you know, the most prominent are the Yoruba, Hausa and Igbo groups. In this post, we’ve compiled a list of these prominent groups and many more plus the states where they can be found.
Ethic groups in Nigeria
Igbo: Abia, Anambra, Benue, Delta, Ebonyi, Enugu, Imo, Rivers and Cross River.
Fulani: Bauchi, Borno, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Niger, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe etc.
Yoruba: Edo, Ekiti, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Osun and Oyo.
Ijaw: Bayelsa, Edo, Delta, Ondo, Akwa Ibom and Rivers
Tiv: Benue, Plateau and Taraba.
Idoma: Benue, Nassarawa, Cross River, Kogi State and Taraba.
Also, we’ve highlighted some states and some of the ethnic groups you can find in these states:
Adamawa – Bachama, Banso, Batta, Baya, Bilei, Bille, Botlere, Bwatiye, Bwazza, Daba, Daka, Palli, Ga’anda, Gira, Gizigz, Gombi, Gude, Gudu, Gwa (Gurawa), Gwamba, Holma, Hona, Ichen, Jibu, Jirai, Kaka, Kambu, Kilba, Kurdul, Lakka, Lala, Ubbo, Mambilla, Matakarn, Mbol, Mbula, Muchaila, Mundang, Njayi, Pire, Sukur, Teme, Tigon, Tur, Vemgo, Verre, Wagga, Wula, Wurbo, Yungur.
Adamawa and Borno: Kanakuru (Dera), Margi (Marghi), Ngweshe and Bura/Babur.
The Bura or Babur people are also found in Taraba and Yobe. Additionally, the Shuwa people are found in Kaduna and Yobe in addition to Adamawa and Borno.
Akwa Ibom: Eket, Anang, Ibeno, Ibibio, Okobo (Okkobor), Oron
The Andoni people are found in Rivers State in addition to Akwa Ibom.
Bauchi: Bambora (Bambarawa), Banka (Bankalawa), Bara (Barawa), Barke, Bele (Buli, Belewa), Boma (Bomawa, Burmano), Bomboro, Buli, Burak, Buta (Butawa), Chama (Chamawa Fitilai), Chamo, Dadiya, Daza (Dere, Derewa), Deno (Denawa), Ouguri, Duma (Dumawa), Galambi, Geji, Gera (Gere, Gerawa), Geruma (Gerumawa), Gingwak, Gubi (Gubawa), Gururntum, Gyem, Jaku, Jara (Jaar Jarawa Jarawa-Dutse), Jimbin (Jimbinawa), Kamo, Kariya, Kirfi (Kirfawa), Kubi (Kubawa), Kudachano (Kudawa), Kushi, Kwami (Kwom), Miya (Miyawa), Ningi (Ningawa), Pa’a (Pa’awa Afawa), Pero, Polchi Habe, Rebina (Rebinawa), Sanga, Segidi (Sigidawa), Siri (Sirawa), Tula, Waja, Warji, Zaranda, Zayam (Zeam), Zul (Zulawa).
Bauchi and Plateau: Jere (Jare, Jera, Jera, Jerawa), Kwanka (Kwankwa), Limono
The Karekare and Bole are found in Bauchi and Yobe. The Jukun are found in Bauchi, Benue, Taraba and Plateau. The Tera are found in Bauchi and Borno. The Angas are found in Bauchi, Jigawa and Plateau. The Saya are Bauchi, Kaduna and Plateau
Cross River: Adim, Adun, Agbo, Akaju-Ndem (Akajuk), Anyima, Bachere, Bahumono, Bekwarra, Bette, Boki (Nki), Efik, Ejagham, Ekajuk, Ekoi, Etung, Ododop, Abayon, Ikom
lyala (lyalla), Mbube, Nkim, Nkum, Olulumo, Qua, Ukelle, Uyanga, Yache, Yakurr (Yako), Mbembe. Mbembe are also found in Enugu
Delta: Ika, Isoko, lsekiri (Itsekiri), Ukwani (Kwale) and Urhobo